A Semantics for the English Existential Construction: Volume by Louise McNally PDF

By Louise McNally

ISBN-10: 1138690856

ISBN-13: 9781138690851

First released in 1997, this ebook addresses the query: what's the interpretation of English there-existential development? one of many important objectives is to enhance an interpretation for the development that would in particular deal with different homes of the postcopular DP. After outlining the matter, the writer is going directly to current a syntactic motivation for the declare that the postcopular DP is the only real supplement to the existential predicate, in addition to for the declare that the non-compulsory ultimate word is a predictive adjunct. In bankruptcy three the translation for the fundamental existential development is constructed after which in comparison to analyses that take the postcopular DP to indicate a standard person or a generalised quantifier of people. This research is then augmented to account for the contribution of the ultimate XP and indicates how the predicate limit might be derived from a extra basic on depictive/circumstantial VP-adjuncts. the ultimate bankruptcy comprise a few speculative dialogue of the wider implications of the suggestion within the context of knowledge similar to "list" existential and "presentational-there" sentences.

Show description

Situationsargumente im Nominalbereich (Linguistische by Christian Fortmann,Anja Lübbe,Irene Rapp PDF

By Christian Fortmann,Anja Lübbe,Irene Rapp

ISBN-10: 3110440911

ISBN-13: 9783110440911

In der linguistischen Theorie spielen Situationsargumente als Komponenten der lexikalisch-semantischen Repräsentation im Bereich verbaler Kategorien eine zentrale Rolle. Die Beiträge des Sammelbandes erweitern das Postulat eines Situationsarguments auf den Bereich deverbaler Wortbildungsprodukte. Sie thematisieren den prestige von Situationsargumenten anhand nominaler Einheiten mit einem verbalen Bestandteil. Die zentrale Frage dabei ist, wie und mit welchen syntaktischen und semantischen Reflexen ein (verbales) Situationsargument auf Wortebene kompositional in eine nominale Gesamtbedeutung eingehen kann. Anhand der für die verbalen Kategorien etablierten Diagnostiken werden in den einzelnen Beiträgen differenzierte Analysen zur Integration und Interpretation des Situationsarguments deverbaler Kategorien entwickelt. Dabei werden zugleich die unterschiedlichen Formen nominaler Strukturbildung (Derivation, Komposition, Konversion) abgedeckt. Der Band umfasst einen ersten Teil zu Nomen mit verbalem Bestandteil und in einen zweiten Teil zu Partizipien in adjektivischer Distribution. Zur Einführung ist ein Überblicksartikel vorangestellt, der die formalen Grundlagen für eine syntakto-semantische Erfassung von Situationsargumenten skizziert.

Show description

New PDF release: Existence: Semantics and Syntax: 84 (Studies in Linguistics

By Ileana Comorovski,Klaus Heusinger

ISBN-10: 140206196X

ISBN-13: 9781402061967

ISBN-10: 1402061986

ISBN-13: 9781402061981

This choice of essays grew out of the workshop ‘Existence: Semantics and Syntax’, which used to be held on the college of Nancy 2 in September 2002. The workshop, prepared via Ileana Comorovski and Claire Gardent, was once supported via a furnish from the Reseau ´ de Sciences Cognitives du Grand Est (‘Cognitive technological know-how community of the better East’), that is gratefully stated. The ?rst e- tor needs to thank Claire Gardent, Fred Landman, and Georges Rebuschi for encouraging her to pursue the book of a quantity according to papers awarded on the workshop. between those that participated within the workshop was once Klaus von Heusinger, who joined Ileana Comorovski in enhancing this quantity. along with papers that constructed out of displays on the workshop, the amount includes invited contributions. we're thankful to Wayles Browne, Fred Landman, Paul Portner, and Georges Rebuschi for his or her aid with reviewing a number of the papers. Our thank you move additionally to a Springer reviewer for the cautious analyzing of the e-book manuscript. we want to thank all of the contributors within the workshop, not just these whose contributions look during this quantity, for making the workshop an int- energetic and positive occasion. Ileana Comorovski Klaus von Heusinger vii ILEANA COMOROVSKI AND KLAUS VON HEUSINGER creation The inspiration of ‘existence’, which we take to have reliable intuitive grounding, performs a imperative function within the interpretation of at the least 3 different types of linguistic buildings: copular clauses, existential sentences, and (in)de?nite noun phrases.

Show description

Download PDF by Fenrong Liu: Reasoning about Preference Dynamics: 354 (Synthese Library)

By Fenrong Liu

ISBN-10: 9400713436

ISBN-13: 9789400713437

ISBN-10: 9400736304

ISBN-13: 9789400736306

Our personal tastes be sure how we act and imagine, yet precisely what the mechanics are and the way they paintings is a imperative reason behind quandary in lots of disciplines. This publication makes use of concepts from sleek logics of data stream and motion to improve a unified new idea of what choice is and the way it alterations. the idea emphasizes purposes for choice, in addition to its entanglement with our ideals. in addition, the booklet presents dynamic logical platforms which describe the specific triggers using choice swap, together with new info, feedback, and instructions. In sum, the booklet creates new bridges among many fields, from philosophy and desktop technological know-how to economics, linguistics, and psychology. For the skilled student entry to a wide physique of modern literature is equipped and the beginner will get a radical advent to the motion and methods of dynamic logic.

Show description

Men and Masculinities in Global English Language Teaching by R. Appleby PDF

By R. Appleby

ISBN-10: 113733178X

ISBN-13: 9781137331786

ISBN-10: 1349461466

ISBN-13: 9781349461462

This booklet attracts on various assets, together with stories of castaways, fictional narratives, and interviews with academics in dialog faculties and universities in Japan, to discover many present matters round instructor id, gender, and intercultural sexuality in worldwide English language teaching.

Show description

The Phenomenon of Information: A Conceptual Approach to - download pdf or read online

By Mario Pérez-Montoro,Dick Edelstein

ISBN-10: 0810859424

ISBN-13: 9780810859425

we're surrounded by means of info. Even the main regimen occasions during which we discover ourselves cover a hidden details move. each step we take, a bunch of indications meet us, supplying information regarding what's taking place in different components of truth. The cherry tree in bloom unearths that spring has arrived. The footprint left on rainy sand shows that somebody has walked alongside the seashore. A crimson site visitors mild signs that we needs to carry our vehicle to a halt.

In The Phenomenon of Information, writer Mario Pérez-Montoro addresses the issues of offering a theoretical rationalization of the way a sign consists of informational content material, the best way to determine its features, and the way to outline the mechanisms for describing it. to do that, Pérez-Montoro examines a number of theoretical methods to the phenomenon of knowledge: the mathematical concept of conversation, Dretske's strategy, and the relational concept of which means. A critique of those efforts results in the author's definition of informational content material, named "the extensional approach," that's designed to beat the conceptual barriers of the former theories. the writer proposes that his definition may possibly function a foundation on which a passable research of the concept that of data should be developed.

Show description

English Lexicogenesis (Oxford Linguistics) - download pdf or read online

By D. Gary Miller

ISBN-10: 0199689881

ISBN-13: 9780199689880

English Lexicogenesis investigates the techniques in which novel phrases are coined in English, and the way they're variously discarded or followed, and often then tailored. Gary Miller appears to be like on the roles of affixation, compounding, clipping, and mixing within the historical past of lexicogenesis, together with tactics occurring without delay. the 1st 4 chapters ponder English morphology and the hot sorts of notice formation in English: the 1st introduces the
morphological terminology utilized in the paintings and the book's theoretical views; bankruptcy 2 discusses productiveness and constraints on derivations; bankruptcy three describes the fundamental typology of English compounds; and bankruptcy four considers the function of debris in be aware formation and up to date build kinds particular to
English. Chapters five and six concentration respectively on analogical and creative facets of neologistic production and the jobs of metaphor and metonymy. In chapters 7 and eight the writer considers the impression of folks etymology and tabu, and the cycle of lack of expressivity and its renewal. After outlining the phonological constitution of phrases and its position in observe abridgements, he examines the acoustic and perceptual motivation of observe kinds. He then devotes 4 chapters to facets and services of
truncation and to reduplicative and conjunctive formations. within the ultimate bankruptcy he seems to be on the courting among center and expressive morphology and the function of punning and other kinds of language play, ahead of summarizing his arguments and findings and taking off avenues for future
research.

Show description

Download PDF by Paul Kay: Words and the Grammar of Context (Lecture Notes)

By Paul Kay

ISBN-10: 1881526178

ISBN-13: 9781881526179

ISBN-10: 1881526186

ISBN-13: 9781881526186

learn in linguistic semantics can be approximately divided into huge traditions. scholars enthusiastic about lexical fields and lexical domain names ('lexical semanticists') have themselves within the paradigmatic kinfolk of distinction that receive between similar lexical goods and the noticeable aspect of the way specific lexical goods map to the nonlinguistic items they stand for. 'Formal semanticists' (those who examine the combinatorial homes of be aware meanings) were quite often unconcerned with those concerns, concentrating particularly on how the meanings of person phrases, no matter what their inner constitution will be and although they're paradigmatically on the topic of each other, mix into the meanings of words and sentences (and lately, to some degree, texts).

Show description

Download e-book for iPad: Kognitive Semantik und kognitive Anthropologie: Eine by Martin Thiering

By Martin Thiering

ISBN-10: 3110445158

ISBN-13: 9783110445152

Das Studienbuch ist ein grundlegender Beitrag zur Kognitionswissenschaft und führt in die nordamerikanisch geprägte kognitive Semantik unter Bezugnahme auf kognitiv-anthropologische Aspekte ein. Diese folgen den historischen Anfängen zur Frage nach dem Einfluss der Sprache auf die Kognition, beginnend mit Wilhelm von Humboldts Ansichtenbis hin zu aktuellen Neo-Whorfian Ansätzen zur sprachlichen Relativität. Das Studienbuch vereint verkörperungs- und gestalttheoretische Ansätze, um die vielschichtige Interaktion von Sprache und Kognition anhand der Raumlinguistik und Raumkognition exemplarisch darzustellen. Als Ausgangspunkt dient die Adaption gestalttheoretischer Gesetze der visuellen Wahrnehmung im unmittelbaren Raum von Objektzuschreibungen und der Orientierung im mittelbaren Raum und damit in der aktuellen Umwelt. Mit seinem interdisziplinären Ansatz schließt das Studienbuch ein Desiderat in der deutschsprachigen Forschungslandschaft. Dabei stehen die folgenden erkenntnistheoretischen Fragen im Vordergrund, die damit die Heuristik des Studienbuch einfassen: Welche semiotischen Enkodierungssysteme interagieren bei der Raumwahrnehmung? Welche gestalttheoretischen Gesetze sind konstitutiv in der Raumlinguistik? was once sind mögliche Universalien, und wo zeigen sich kulturspezifische, sprachliche Ausprägungen in der Raumlinguistik und Raumkognition?

Show description

Read e-book online Theme and Thematic Progression in Chinese College Students’ PDF

By Jing Wei

ISBN-10: 9811002533

ISBN-13: 9789811002533

This booklet specializes in how guideline impacts English newcomers’ use of topic and thematic development (thematic organization). whereas thematic association in learner English has been generally studied, little learn has been performed to enquire the consequences of guideline at the use of subject and thematic development. Adopting a Systemic useful Grammar procedure, this research explores how a ten-week guide on thematic association impacts chinese language students’ use of subject matter and thematic development via evaluating their English essays earlier than and after the guideline, with native-speaker essays because the study baseline. Second-language acquisition researchers, curriculum builders and international language lecturers will locate this e-book valuable because it not just provides a transparent and special record of the way chinese language students learn how to make larger thematic offerings, but additionally offers a well-developed educational package deal on subject and thematic progression.

Show description

1 2 3 14